Portal to Tesla's Wardenclyffe Lab
11:59PM Jul 25, 2020
Good afternoon and welcome to 2020 wherever you are in the world right now. I'm Steve, I'm here in beautiful Richmond British Columbia, Canada, I'm actually in the field as you can see, I'm actually just rotating this to show that I'm not in front of a green screen like you'll often see in, zoom meetings, we had virtual or real. Our next talk is going to be folk is going to be focused on Tesla, which a lot of us, accurate heart, we're going to explore the wonders of widen clip of wardenclyffe, the historic laboratory built by science visionary Nikola Tesla, where he engineered a colossal 18 storey wireless transmitting tower and conducted experiments that still evoke questions and controversy over 100 years later, your presenter Mark Alessi, who is the executive director of the Tesla Science Center at wardenclyffe. What's your past, present and future happenings the site including details of a recent discovery made during renovations and fascinating infos on the tunnels believe Tesla's legendary laboratory. Who doesn't love exploring tunnels, you'll see actual experiments in wireless tech using Tesla cars along with a surprising electric music performance. You can further satisfy your curiosity during the q&a session, attendees, please ask us questions through the q&a link, and now over to Mark.
Well, thank you very much. We are very pleased to be able to join you here tonight. I want to thank Kyle and Emanuel and I want to thank Jeff alacer, making sure that you always get as involved with the whole conference. I know that we're going to be starting off, welcome you to our portal to wardenclyffe. And then we're going to be moving on to a number of items, where we will be showing off. You know how we got to this point, and how wardenclyffe was saved. And then we're going to be exploring these new discoveries, on the chimney. So I know we had some items that we prepared prior to the show don't know if we want to launch them now if I want to just you wanted to just go right into a presentation.
Hello, my name is Mark Alessi, and I'm the executive director, and one of the most interesting places on the planet. Tesla Science Center at wardenclyffe. I'm excited to welcome you to our portal to wardenclyffe, because the people here at the hope conference represent a special segment of our global community. The ones who would appreciate the unique contributions of Nikola Tesla, and the almost magical appeal of his life and work. So I want to start by thanking Emanuel, Kyle and everyone involved in the whole conference for bringing us together for an event that allows us to explore the kinds of thought provoking material. We're going to share with you today.
First we're going to take a brief trip back
in time to get a glimpse at Tesla,
the inventor and why he built wardenclyffe. Next, we'll fast
forward to our lifetime, where we'll explore how wardenclyffe was almost destroyed, and the global movement that saved it.
we'll reveal the latest discovery made during renovations to the chimney of Tesla's lab, followed by details on the tunnels beneath the site. After this exploration of wardenclyffe, we're going to bring the story to life with a Tesla coil demonstration and electrifying musical performance. Your questions will then be the focus of our closing q&a, I encourage you all to ask, ask your questions here, and I'll answer as much as possible. If we don't get to them all today, we'll record an answer them on our website.
Bear. Our journey through
the portal to wardenclyffe was a presentation by award winning filmmaker, Joseph Sikorsky who will give us a fascinating new perspective on Tesla the inventor and his work at wardenclyffe
was a spirit of Rogue experimental rebellion disruptive of established existing systems, with the goal of replacing them with something better. He locked out conventional thinking, and he was a provocative force to presumption. When people think a hacking is a sort of nervous admiration for the genius with that special kind of talent and Nikola Tesla certainly incited feelings of nervous admiration from those around him, particularly his peers. He was a kind of alternative scientific artists like a physics punk rocker a different point of view. To start, Tesla saw himself not as an inventor, but as a discover when that reveals solutions already in the framework of existence to harness the real work of nature uncovering natural secrets rather than construction built on its limitations. Such an improvisational spirit of exploration and lead to the concepts of radar radio x rays robotics remote control, and even early computer tech. In fact is Tella automaton patent in which a prototype was demonstrated Madison Square Garden in 1898. Utilize patents for radio wireless remote control and type of early logic circuit known as the nano A and D gate, which is sort of the key to binary code. Outside the garden. It was horse and buggy technology. Inside, there was a remote control boat under intelligent control onlookers thought it was a trick that Tesla had a train monkey inside it. That's how unimaginable The concept was. But of all his innovations, it was his induction motor, an engine that could efficiently run on alternate current electricity that revolutionized the status quo propelling the world into an age of progress without it. Most likely electric power would have been a rare luxury only assessable to the wealthy. This motor born of Tesla's fertile and untarnished imagination was previously considered an impossibility by the scientific community, one, not achievable through the laws of physics. Tesla hack through perceived limitations of science and nature to move the world forward. He was a rogue scientist whose unconventional application of physical principles created a sense of unease in the world around him. He's a genius, with an amazing talent that you'd hope would be used for benevolence and not maliciousness once brilliance could reward the world with free wireless energy or punish it with a death ray or earthquake machine. Fortunately for the world. Tesla wore a white hat. And in a way, one could describe his mission at wardenclyffe as the ultimate hack a way to disrupt the entire global system of energy and information to help the world evolve to point out the flaws of an antiquated system, and spark a movement of positive change to battle the titans of power and usurp that control to place it in the hands of the people at wardenclyffe. He promised JP Morgan a radio tower, but his covert plans were much more ambitious free wireless power to any place on the globe. With a 187 foot high tower. He would set energy Number The air is his contemporaries were attempting, but through the earth itself. Sexual radical endeavor was far more expensive than Morgan's radio tower. According to legend, after Tesla revealed the true potential of the wardenclyffe power station JP Morgan question how one would be able to meter free electricity. Just prior to funding the project. Sadly, this would ultimately lead to the end of Tesla's dream at wardenclyffe, whether or not he could have achieved the practical transmission of wireless power is an open debate. One I would personally urge caution with after studying his life for so long. How many times can Tesla achieve his goal, despite the prevailing scientific consensus. For many, Tesla remains a true inspiration, an intellectual rebel a scientific agitator a fighter who violated the most respected preconceived notions of what was deemed possible, a slap in the face to a narrow minded scientific consensus Tesla's spontaneous spirit of discovery in my view made him the coolest radical thinker on the planet, launching an insurrection movement against the accepted scientific norms. He was a visionary so far ahead of his time, a genius loner, in a white hat.
Thank you Joe Sikorsky for that amazing
perspective on Tesla's genius and work at wardenclyffe. Joe's work also reflects Tesla's inventiveness and humanitarian spirit, and we're proud to have him as a supporter, since the beginning of the efforts to resurrect wardenclyffe decades ago. That's where we're headed. Now, as we move forward in time to the next part of our journey
through the portal to wardenclyffe.
In 1987 when the successor in interest in our first was pls and then bear Corps, and then when they decided to close this part of their operation down and move over operations to New Jersey. This site lands with decades long cleanup and very diligent, local group came together from the community science teachers and enthusiasts who
historical significance of this place, and they organize the rest of us in the community. So, here on this slide you can see a number of elected officials and community members, this place matters. You know, putting our stake in the ground so at the time, I was an elected official in the community, and you know, working with other colleagues and government and members of the community and the current board of Tesla Science Center, who was at this for over 20 years trying to save this property. I was able to secure some state grant funding that would help purchase the property,
but they needed a match, and
how that came in was the crowdfunding campaign. So, our board president, Jane Alcorn was reaching out to Matt Inman from oatmeal, calm, a super blogger, and cartoonists, who had a huge tech geek following and had done a cartoon in the past about how test is the greatest peak that ever lived. And you know what happened when Jane and Matt Inman came together and said let's launch this crowdfund is they were able to catch lightning in a bottle, we you know, many people continue to study this crowdfund, which was one of the most successful crowd funds and held the world record on the grassroots involvement, all the way up until last year with the 20 million trees campaign. And as an aside, if anything, Tesla was going to lose a world record. I'm sure he would have appreciated losing to such a great cause of 20 million trees campaign. Tesla is truly one of the very strong environmentalists and wanted to see us using the Earth's forces to power the needs of mankind. So, with this crowdfund it raised $1.4 million in six weeks from 108 countries from 33,000 donors, and in all 50 states of the United States, in addition to those hundred eight countries participated. So it's really widespread. I believe this organization and this location is a world historic site, and whether this crowdfund happened or not. This is a global center where we're at now, we just got on the National Historic of registry, a little over a year ago. And that enabled us to one make sure this play stays preserved long into the future, and to open up the location for some federal tax credits. But it was a historic moment, again, where our state parks system was overrun with letters, supporting our application. I think we broke all records there. I think over 10,000 letters were sent in three days for people asking for this to be rich this historic site. And the project has pulled together a very strong and interesting, List, of, of benefactors and advisors and collaborators. So we're pretty lucky to have the kind of support that we're beginning to garner for this project. It's a $20 million project. And we raised just over half of that already. So we raised about $10.2 million. We have enough money on hand to get started, and we'll be able to open our first building within the next year to the public, with our first exhibit.
So, we hired
a architectural firm an engineering firm filed for our first permits to actually start construction, pull some early permits and actually began some construction on site just a few months ago. It was paused because of COVID-19 but we're back at work. But our goal is to get the full site plan approved because that's when we really can start the large scale demolition of the buildings around the lab, and can start on the lab in earnest. And as we're piecing together that permit process that should be done. Towards the end of this year. So this is the first building that we're going to be opening. The goal was by the end of this year, COVID-19, put a little dent about two to three months in that process but we're still striving to open this as quickly as possible and definitely by the end of the winter of 2020 2021. We'll have our first building open. This is a rendering of the lab building, and currently there's a lot of different offices and rooms cut up into this building right now so we want to restore it to this rendering right here, which is the way it was. In Tesla's time. This is what Tesla was working with, and we're planning on restoring to that, that time period. And this is an example of what the full comprehensive Science Center could look like if we were to build larger buildings on site, in addition to the lab building in our education is a main focal point for the center. It's one of the main reasons that the board originally organize themselves to create a organization at Tesla's lab, and we're trying to lead the way with cutting edge, education, and Virtual Education in the STEM space. So that's
the general overview of our project,
we welcome all supporters, whether they're benefactors and donors, or folks that think they can add some value as a volunteer. You know, help us fulfill this mission if you if you listen to the long to the end of this proposed proposal or presentation. You're obviously interested in this subject matter. So any way that you can help any introductions, you can make any donations that you can make. Once we open the doors and once the lab is complete, and we finished raising that eight to $9 million. This organization will have you know enough revenue coming in through the programming to make it sustainable and to make sure that well into the future. We can tell test the story, and most importantly spread his ethos, which is the importance of innovation for humanity. Thank you. Now we're going to explore some of the most intriguing aspects of wardenclyffe during recent renovations on the laboratory, a discovery was made in Tesla's chimney that we're going to delve into with Joe Sikorsky and Mark failor,
are experts in historic architecture, then you'll watch a presentation by Best Selling Tesla biographer Mark cipher who will share rare images and information about the tunnels beneath wardenclyffe.
Hi, I'm Mark Saylor partner with Lacey failor Riley Wilson architectural preservation. Been working at Tesla laboratory now for four years, originally started doing an historic structure report to identify what remained of the original laboratory and what needed to be done. We then were able to assist in getting the building listed on the National Register of building of national importance. And now we are in the process of doing the first phase of the restoration which is the restoration of the Coupland chimney. On the laboratory. And so as part of that investigation. We were able to find a new element that we had not previously known to exist and that was a relieving arch at the base of the chimney.
And my name is Joe Sikorsky I'm a filmmaker and a researcher I've been researching Tesla and wharncliffe for wow almost 20 years is that even possible. It's great to have mark here, and
I'd like to ask you a question regarding the exploration of this new discovery which is exciting. First thing is, you know, there it's possible this is just a very mundane discovery, it could just be a venting system,
or not, maybe it's something amazing. Is this a part of architecture that would be standard in buildings created in this time period of determined turn of the century, or is this something that you think is unique to construction.
I think the
potential uses of that archway that opening. You know, certainly, providing a draft to a chimney of that magnitude. you know is important. It's interesting that you know when we initially had discovered it through looking through the. The breaching. That's an adjacent room. And we saw, you know, sort of pure down into the, the base of the chimney, which was the first time that we saw that this archway was there at the time, you know, we had had the original drawings, the floor plans and the section of the building. But it didn't show that when we tried to, you know, utilize our tape measures. You know to stick that down the hole to actually try to measure it. The breeze coming through there was quite significant. And actually blew the tape away from the wall, you know, once we got it down to that elevation. So clearly there was already a lot of draft coming through there, which was extremely curious because there was no obvious inlet for that air coming into the chimney. You know beyond because we had no idea you know where that opening led to. There's an early photograph of the north side of the laboratory. Yes, that shows at grade level, a sort of a raised stone It almost looks to me like it was an area where you could pull draft from for a chimney. But, you know that currently is completely buried and so there is no opportunity for air to come in that way so where exactly the air was coming from.
You know remains to be seen. To this day.
Now, in addition to the fact that, you know, you would need to supply, you know, a draft air source. In this regard, you know the other thing that you know this actually can provide is a way to clean out the base of the chimney. Right, so the opening at the base of the chimney faces to the east, which is where the boilers, are located.
Now, we don't know the exact
footprint of where those boilers SAT.
But you know if there was the capacity to be able to get in from the floor, you know through hatch down to that elevation. You know, it certainly makes sense that you know you could provide that as as a means of, you know, cleaning out the base of that chimney, you know, just like, you know, you would do, you know, to try to clean out any ash or anything else that accumulated at the base.
So Mark So then, um,
if the north side vent is not exposed and that is not where the breeze is coming through. I'm your opinion that
it is a, an engineered port somewhere that's bringing in or could it be deterioration of the building could there be other reasons for an airflow coming in.
Well, When the contractors from skyline were able to get down there Kevin Cahill was able to descend into the space they were able to, because we were working on the chimney. They had actually taken the chimney down to roof level because of deterioration in the brickwork. So as part of the restoration work, they'd actually had to take the chimney down when they when they were able to do that. They could then lower a ladder down into the base of the chimney, and Kevin actually entered the chimney. From that breaching hole in the south side of it went down the ladder and
actually looked at some of the,
the, the openings that were there, and he was able to determine that the from the north side. I'm sorry from the east side where the relieving arch is there was a tunnel that led to the east, and then it stopped. And then there was a little leg that went to the north, where we would expect, you know it might have gone to this opening but it, but there was a wall there. and that sort of sealed it off.
However, in this tunnel.
There was an area where the brick had partially collapsed. And there was additional void. Below the slab of the laboratory. Now we don't know where that
And so there could still be
you know openings, that, you know, travel, below the slab to to some location that, you know, to this point, remain undetermined. So, trying to find out, you know, where some of those voids are be below the slab would be, you know, really interesting to find out, because at the moment. We don't know what the extent of, you know, those basically underground tunnels, you know where they went.
So it's possible it connects to the underground tunnel system.
It's very interesting.
Mark Fowler thank you so much for all the effort you put into researching this and for this very very important site. And now we are going to go back to the rest of the Tesla Science Center at wardenclyffe presentation.
So, we're now in Washington DC and Jason comes back with the, with the chip, you know the flash drive, which we're going to look at. And this is from the ground penetrating radar no one has ever seen this before. And my jaw drops because this is all done live we don't practice stuff and then shoot it. we think just give us the information and boom, it shot for the Tesla files. So here you can see in yellow. Those are the earth grippers, the brown chair is going down about 50 feet, and the white. The white circular area. We're going to get a better shot of it too but while we're looking at it, the white circular area is cement, that they poured down about 15 or 20 years ago, the block because, unfortunately, the shaft became a dump site.
But the timber is still there
for the, for the central share. And what's in red are the tunnels. There are four of them, and we'll see another shot of it it's a much better shot, and what's in blue is where the tunnels have collapsed. But if you if you look carefully here, you again see the earth grippers. There are about a dozen of them. So, and that that shaft going down is about 50 feet down. Now why did he have the tunnels. I think he had the tunnels, because I don't know if you have Baddiel but going down five flights and seven flights of stairs every day. It can be very tiring. So I think his plan was to bring equipment down there, and to keep a base actually down there, these tunnels are 100 feet long. Each, they're actually still there. And I think that we could probably maybe get a probe to go down there and look in there, it may or may not be any equipment in there. But that's what I think it was I think he was going to do testing there. And the idea was that this is the earth grippers his plan was to map out the entire earth he knew that the size of the Earth, the speed of light, and the length of the electrical waves that he was going to send since he was sending it through the ground. If you extend the way for instance if it's 60 miles from wardenclyffe to New York City. If you have an electrical wave that lands New York City, then you can transmit power from, from wardenclyffe to New York City, if, if you want to send it to San Francisco, you need an electrical wave that's 3500 miles long, and he could create electrical waves 3500 miles long and pinpointed to San Francisco, but he wanted to set up additional towers, where he was going to send these, these various electrical power waves, and they'd be picked up by a central tower in Europe, or replace them and have a wireless network of mostly telephone but he also was going to transmit power fee succeeded.
Okay. Well, thanks for coming out and tuning in today everyone. Imagine everybody here is familiar with Nikola Tesla that his most famous invention was the AC induction motor single phase and eventually poly phase versions of this. I think right now there's about 13 billion horsepower of induction motors in service. Although the AC induction motor was his most famous invention, got a great deal of his life. Working on his system to send power, around the world without wires. This his idea was to place a number of high voltage towers, like these ones in the diagram at strategic locations around the globe. In 1899, Tesla started working on the drive system for its towers and Colorado Springs. After finishing the DRI system in Colorado Springs. He started building 187 foot tall tower. Back in Long Island at wardenclyffe. Unfortunately, this loan ran out of money halfway through the project. So he never got to finish it, and close the switch. Ultimately, one trip was torn down and scrapped in 1915. The satisfied Tesla's creditors. So, would it have worked. I wanted to try to do something practical with Tesla's idea.
Power is something I could ride around on.
I hope Tesla we think this is practical anyways. So let's wander over and take a look at the wireless power setup. It's a little bit of a walk over here, since all these pieces of equipment have to stay a part of ways due to the high voltage.
So here I have what I call the world's first real Tesla Roadster.
It's a three wheeled bicycle.
That I modified. You can see now it has electric motor on the front driving the front wheel. But unlike any other electric vehicle. It has no batteries. None whatsoever. So instead of needing to charge batteries. All of the electric power comes through the air. Quietly invisibly, at least when everything's working right.
The antenna up here above the driver
picks up the ambient electric fields from from the air and sends the energy down. This mast to a transformer set here in the base. This little transformer actually operates as a reverse Tesla coil, and it steps down the voltage from the aerial to a relatively low voltage like 100 volts and sends 100 volts off over to the motor. You'll also notice here there's a chain, dragging behind the Roadster that returns the currents from the primary to earth and the earth is treated as a conductor in this case. Even the concrete floor is a fine conductor. At least, at least for this application. And the earth return is the essential component of Tesla's wireless system. So, let's go over here and set up the camera
and hide my laptop on the box here, so it doesn't get destroyed.
Let's see if we can transfer some wireless power.
Are we ready. Good.
Okay, One more time around. Okay.
clapping for you. That was amazing.
Okay so Tesla's wireless tone scheme, really does kind of work. You might have noticed from the camera, that there was some marking on the chain as it dragged across the concrete. That's because concrete isn't a perfect conductor.
But it's good enough for this application.
Okay, so now let's see what a million volts looks like. For this demonstration, however, I'm going to need to hide my camera behind this heavy metal electric shield. If I ever want to use the camera again
loaded up here.
Okay man's own. Oh, come on.
So for the last five years, I've been building 40 foot tall functional scale prototype is a clip of the 40 foot tower running at wardenclyffe. Using the old foundation as a ground.
Hi, we're from Austin, Texas. Thank you guys for having us out here today, I am john and this is Joe, blue, we are the brothers to Primo. And what you just saw there was a couple of musical Tesla coils. They are solid state tests the coils that we've engineered in such a way that they play music. So the melody that you were just hearing a second ago was actually coming from the sparks itself, and how that works is similar to how a speaker cone works by vibrating air back and forth, but instead of a physical speaker cone moving back and forth, we start and stop the spark at the same rate the speaker would move, and you know if we get it to start and stop faster we get higher notes, if we get it to start and stop slower we get lower notes. And that's basically the gist of what we do. Oh, and we also have a robot drummer. Yes,
caught that one. He's in the background.
Yeah. But what do you say we play another song.
Yeah, sure. All right, mics are muting and going back to coils.
Want to thank you guys for having us out here once again we are architec. Thank you very much,
and we'll pass it back off to you guys.
And we are live.
you with a Sarah you're still getting situated okay your job then please take it away. We do have at least one question queued
up but that was amazing the chat was as enthusiastic
it's ever been today you're at home on the matrix shot. Eric.
Yeah, you're with us, Jen.
Welcome back. So, I'm just scrolling through the chat through, of course, the, the element matrix instance available only to conference attendees.
One of the questions,
or the great comments probably between the five Jamaican shilling and the five Iraqi dinar
Sorry about that.
Can I just pasted your question in the zoom Yeah, you might want to read, yeah sorry So Jen is doing. Super Duty here. While you look at the questions we actually had a couple of questions emailed to us, beforehand. But before I even start answering those and going to those I want to thank Joe Sikorsky and Mark Thaler the architects mock site for Greg lay who you saw built the biggest test of coils in the world, and then Joe and john de prima the brothers from architect for that great performance, and I know I thanked him before but you know Jeff you're joining us tonight. Thank you so much for making sure that we're always at home. And obviously Greg and Jen, thanks for having us here. So the three questions that were emailed to us beforehand. People are always interested in the tower, and they asked you to rebuild the tower. And the answer is
But we're not endeavoring to try to make it.
Make it the working tower.
you know what was endeavoring on. But, as people come to the site. We want them for us that they get the idea of the size of this tower. So after the buildings are open and the museum is over. That's part of our phase two. And then another email came in from some conference attendees, what are the next plans for exploring the chimney discovery. And we're continuing to document that entire process. And, you know, as we learn more, we're going to determine if there's any connection to the tunnels. And the third question was during the renovations to the lab. Will you look for the access to the tunnels and absolutely, um, you know, our goal is, you know, as we redo the lab to learn as much as we can about the connections between the lab, the tunnels the tower base, but after all that's done well into the future, we'll continue to study the tunnels and maybe excavate eventually to learn more about how the system works. So that's all that I had come in, so now.
Alright, so a couple questions that came in via the chat. The first question is out of curiosity, how far away, would you be able to hear the spark gap on a radio video idea.
That's an interesting question. I mean, Jeff, you know, we had a demonstration on site that you put on just a few weeks ago. For some of the volunteers and pretty amazed about the reach for LED lights, but the spotcap itself. What would you think Jeff How far do you think that would go.
Goodness gracious I mean for any tuned radio I think they would probably pick it up for easily a couple miles on that. I had a non contact voltage detector at our last event. And then also at Greg Lee's demonstration, where noncontact detector, you usually have to be right on the wire to pick up you know any any voltage coming across it, this puppy was lighting up a good hundred hundred and 10 feet away from the small little Tesla coil that we were operating at that exhibit. Now Greg Lay's monster 40 foot coil. I was picking up with a non contact detector. Three 400 feet away with that so so from a radio receiver, I think we're stepping on a lot of a lot of ham channels. Probably interrupting a lot of radio. Yeah, I could easily imagine that messing up with anybody going through so now is all this energy that the that's going through the air at all dangerous.
I know a lot of folks question whether if Tesla could have pulled off the wireless transmission of electricity. You know what would be the EMF concerns, and I'm not an electrical engineer to be able to determine what the actual amount of emf that would actually be in the area of a tower would be, but I do know that we have, uh, you know, electrical waves, microwaves radio waves around us all the time. We're sitting in our home we have Wi Fi systems, our cell phone store off a lot of waves. So, you know, I don't, I know there's some concerns with microwaves radio waves electrical waves in general. For us questions like that we plan to pull together experts to study whether or not you know you know the tower would have worked and it's in the form that he was working on, you know, you saw that Joe Sikorsky mentioned that he lost his funding and never had it work.
But he might have pivoted,
so we don't know exactly what the final form of event.
Okay, and that unfortunately wraps up the time that we have for this session. Mark Alessi Thank you very much. I would love to. I can't wait to visit wardenclyffe once that when this current crisis is over, and hopefully before the next event that we get together, that we can meet up in person.
Before to have you. Thank you.
Thanks so much folks really excited to be here.
That's awesome. Good job guys. All right,
I think we're back on the, on the video stream.
I just want to say. Communication is hard. We all see our tiny little bit of the world and make sense of it based on what we've seen before. Based on the first source that seemed trustworthy. Then we talk to each other using the best words, we know
and maybe the people we're talking to will have the same mental model for those words.